Tuesday, May 13, 2008

Pageant - 11th May 2008

On Sunday May 11th 2008, the parish of Loughmore commemorated the wrongful hanging of the Cormack Brothers exactly 150 years to the date earlier in 1858, and the subsequent removal of their remains from Nenagh jail to be re-interred in a specially resurrected mausoleum in Loughmore Cemetery in 1910, by hosting a pageant in their honour. The pageant organised by a local committee, chaired by Mr. Seanie Gleeson, attracted crowds of over 3,000 to the small village to witness the parade, latin funeral mass and re-enactment.

Irish Independent - Monday, 12th May 2008

Brothers in arms stir memories of harder times

By Tom Ryan

Monday May 12 2008

LIKE any funeral of two men hanged for murder, it attracted a curious crowd -- many who believe the convicts are innocent.

Fortunately, the hundreds of people in period-dress in Loughmore yesterday were interested in historical re-enactment, rather than an execution.

They recreated the funeral of two brothers hanged in 1858 for the murder of a land agent. The remains of brothers Dan and Willie Cormack, hanged in Nenagh Gaol in 1858, were re-interred in Loughmore in 1910.

Nenagh Gaurdian Article

Cormack brothers to be remembered in historic re-enactment

The well-known story of Daniel and William Cormack and their controversial murder trial in the mid nineteenth century continues to hold much intrigue throughout Tipperary. The brothers were publicly hanged outside Nenagh Gaol on May 11, 1858 after being found guilty of the murder of John Ellis, a land agent in Loughmore.

The well-known story of Daniel and William Cormack and their controversial murder trial in the mid nineteenth century continues to hold much intrigue throughout Tipperary. The brothers were publicly hanged outside Nenagh Gaol on May 11, 1858 after being found guilty of the murder of John Ellis, a land agent in Loughmore. Daniel and William always maintained that they had played no part in the crime, and they were supported by some 2,357 people who signed a petition protesting the brothers' innocence. The commonly held view at the time was that a local landlord had shot Ellis in a crime of passion involving Ellis' sister, and that the Cormack brothers had been framed for murder.

That defence did not hold sway in court however, and the Loughmore brothers met their fate at the end of the hangman's rope in Nenagh in an execution that many locals regarded as a cruel miscarriage of justice.

In 1910 Daniel and William's remains were removed from Nenagh Gaol and brought home to Loughmore in a major ceremony, with two hearses drawn by plumed horses and followed by huge crowds. After the procession arrived in the village, the Cormack brothers were buried in a large mausoleum in the local churchyard, where people still go to see the original oak coffins and the inscription proclaiming the brothers' innocence.

The Cormack brothers' legacy lives on in Tipperary, and on this the 150th anniversary of their execution, a local committee has formed to arrange a historic re-enactment of their homeward procession to Loughmore.

The elaborate event will feature two horse drawn funeral hearses as its centrepiece, behind which relatives of the Cormacks from around Ireland and America will walk as chief mourners. There will also be two vintage 1908 cars, three 1914 cars and about 20 pony and traps in the procession, and the committee will even be using an original flag that featured in the 1910 procession.

All participants involved in the re-enactment will be garbed in period dress, and anyone planning on attending the event is asked to also wear old, dark clothing to try and add to the authenticity of the procession.

RTÉ's Nationwide programme is scheduled to cover the event, which is due to take place from around 2pm this Sunday. The procession will follow a planned route from a field about a mile and half outside the village on the road to Templemore. It will arrive at the old churchyard for a Latin Mass at 3pm.

Note that Loughmore will be closed to traffic that afternoon but that nearby parking will be provided for those attending the event.

Note also that Nenagh Heritage Centre will be open this Saturday May 10 from 10am to 5pm to mark the 150th anniversary of the Cormack Brothers execution at Nenagh Gaol. Visitors will be able to inspect the centre's museum, which is located in the former gaol governor's house, and also the gatehouse, where visitors can see the condemned cells, execution area, and an exhibition on the Cormack brothers (admission free).

Sunday Mirror Article - April 27th 2008

Brothers paegant

By Conor Dixon

A SMALL Co Tipperary village is to pay tribute to two brothers who were wrongly executed for murder 150 years ago.

Willie and Dan Cormack from Loughmore were executed in May 1858 for the murder of a local landlord.

However it was later established that two men were bribed to lie at their murder trial.

To commemorate the murders a special pageant will be held in the village on Sunday May 11th next.

William & Daniel Cormack

In the local churchyard at Loughmore is the mausoleum of the Cormack brothers with the following inscriptions: on one side:

By the Irish Race in memory of the brothers DANIEL and WILLIAM CORMACK who for the murder of a land agent named ELLIS were hanged at NENAGH after solemn protestation by each on the scaffold of absolute and entire innocence of that crime, the 11th day of May 1858. The tragedy of the brothers occurred through false testimony procured through GOLD and terror, the action in their trial of JUDGE KEOGH, a man who considered personally, politically, religiously and officially was one of the monsters of mankind, and the verdict of a prejudiced, partisan packed perjured jury. Clear proof of the innocence of the brothers afforded by ARCHBISHOP LEAHY to the VICEROY of the day but he nevertheless gratified the appetite of a bigoted, exterminating and ascendancy caste by a judicial murder of the kind which lives bitterly and perpetually in a nation’s remembrance.

Corpora sanctorum in pace sepulta sunt: et vivent nomina eorum in aeternum R.I.P. [Which translates as: The bodies of the saints are buried in peace; and their names live for evermore. R.I.P.]

And on the other side:

In commemoration of the removal of the remains of the CORMACK BROTHERS from the jailyard at NENAGH to this mausoleum on May 11th 1910. In the morning a solemn REQUIEM OFFICE and HIGH MASS were celebrated in the Parish Church, Nenagh, Canon McMahon presiding, and an immense number of Killaloe priests being in the choir. The funeral cortege which contained MR JOHN DILLON, M.P., MR J. HACKETT, M.P., and many others of high name and inspiring example, was by magnitude, representativeness and observance unprecedented in IRELAND. At Loughmore, the pastor preached a funeral oration and assisted by priests from IRELAND, ENGLAND, AMERICA and AUSTRALIA, officiated at the placing of the remains here to rest in peace and honour until the day of their vindication by Jesus Christ before the whole human race in the Valley of Josophat.

Visi sunt oculis insipientium mori illi autem sunt in pace. [Which translates as: In the sight of the unwise they seem to die, but they are in peace.]

Pictures of the Pageant - Paddy Doyle

Photobucket Album

1910 procession in Borrisleigh

New York Times article from 1910

Cormack Petition

Daniel and William Cormack from Tipperary were tried and found guilty of the murder of John Ellis, a local land agent in February of 1858. Motivated by growing unease at the convictions and executions, a petition was organized for presentation to Parliament that requested the setting up of an inquiry into the circumstances surrounding the conviction of the Cormack Brothers and into the administration of criminal justice in Ireland generally.

A sample of those who signed the petition below:

Signers C to E

Special thanks to Richard Thomas White for transcribing these records.

Name, Town(land)

Philip Callaghan Killenaule
John Callanan Tipperary
Richard L. Cambie Templemore
Thomas Lalor Cambie Killoran
Soloman J. Cambie, JP Killoran
Patrick Campden Gortnahoe
Bryan Campion Templetuohy
John Campion Roscrea
John Campion Templetuohy
Michael Campion Roscrea
Thomas Campion Templetuohy
Edmond Cantwell Clerihan
James Cantwell Thurles
James Cantwell Killusty
John Cantwell Thurles
John Cantwell Borrisoleigh
John Cantwell Clerihan
Maurice Cantwell Clerihan
Michael Cantwell Borrisoleigh
Michael Cantwell Two-mile-Borris
Patrick Cantwell Clerihan
Patrick Cantwell Thurles
Richard Cantwell Moyne
Thomas Cantwell Thurles
Walter Cantwell Clerihan
Rev. Denis Cantwell, PP Cashel
Richard Caples Kilcommon
Dennis Carew Upperchurch
James Carew Killusty
James Carew Tipperary
James Carew Upperchurch
Jeremiah Carew Tipperary
Jeremiah Carew Upperchurch
John Carew Upperchurch
John Carew Killusty
Michael Carew Hollyford
Pat Carew Hollyford
Thomas Carew Fethard
Thomas Carew New Birmingham
William Carew Upperchurch
James Carey Kilcommon
James Carey Clonoulty
James Carey Hollyford
John Carey Kilcommon
Michael Carey Kilcommon
Michael Carey Thurles
Michael Carey Anacarty
Patrick Carey Kilcommon
John Carr Kilcommon
Matthew Carr Kilcommon
William Carr Kilcommon
James Carrick Tipperary
Edmond Carrigan Killusty
Hugh Carrigan Killusty
James Carrigan Thurles
John Carrigan Tipperary
Anthony Carroll Thurles
Daniel Carroll Borrisoleigh
Daniel Carroll Drom
Daniel Carroll Templederry
Dennis Carroll Clerihan
Francis Carroll Moycarkey
James Carroll Nenagh
James Carroll Drom
James G. Carroll Nenagh
John Carroll Tipperary
John Carroll Two-mile-Borris
John Carroll Nenagh
John Carroll Anacarty
Martin Carroll Thurles
Martin Carroll Upperchurch
Michael Carroll Drom
Michael Carroll Fethard
Michael Carroll Thurles
Michael Carroll Moyne
Michael Carroll Holycross
Michael Carroll Upperchurch
Pat Carroll Two-mile-Borris
Patrick Carroll Clerihan
Patrick Carroll Clonoulty
Thomas Carroll Upperchurch
Timothy Carroll Fethard
William Carroll Drom
William Carroll Thurles
William Carroll Templetuohy
William Carroll Two-mile-Borris
William Carroll Tipperary
William Carry Thurles
Michael Carty Thurles
Nicholas Casey Killusty
Peter Casey Clerihan
William Casey Tipperary
Patrick Cash Toomevara
John Cass Gortnahoe
John Cassell Kilcommon
Denis Castigan Gortnahoe
James Caulfield Borrisoleigh
Denis Cavanagh Thurles
John Cavanagh Thurles
John Chadwick Borrisoleigh
Henry Clancy Hollyford
John Clancy Killusty
James Clarke Nenagh
John M. Clarke Nenagh
Matthew Clarke Borrisokane
Thomas Clarke Nenagh
John Clear Nenagh
Andrew Cleary Thurles
James Cleary Killusty
James Cleary Gortnahoe
James Cleary Clonmel
Pat Cleary Fethard
Patrick Cleary Thurles
Patrick Cleary Nenagh
Peter Cleary Nenagh
William Cleary Nenagh
Rev Cleary, CC Cashel
Rev. Francis Cleary, CC Nenagh
Rev. Martin Cleary, CC Nenagh
J.W. Clifford Tipperary
James Cody Thurles
James Coffee Nenagh
Thomas Coffee Killusty
Michael Coffey Toomevara
Owen Coffey Thurles
Richard Coffey Hollyford
James Coggin Fethard
John Coghlan Thurles
D. Coleman Tipperary
Edward Collier Templetuohy
Thomas Collier Templetuohy
John Coman Thurles
John Coman Cashel
Patrick Coman Tipperary
Patrick Coman Tipperary
William Commons Moycarkey
James Condon Fethard
John Condon Thurles
Martin Condon Thurles
Patrick Condon Thurles
William Condon Fethard
William Condon Clerihan
Daniel Connell Borrisoleigh
Denis Connell Hollyford
Edmond Connell Fethard
Francis Connell Thurles
Francis Connell
John Connell New Birmingham
John Connell Borrisoleigh
John Connell Hollyford
John Connell Hollyford
Nicholas Connell Killusty
Patrick Connell Borrisoleigh
Patrick Connell Fethard
Patrick Connell Killusty
Philip Connell Fethard
Pierce Connell Fethard
Richard Connell Roscrea
Thomas Connell Fethard
William Connell Loughmore
John Connelly Tipperary
Matthew Connelly
Patrick Connolly Killusty
Richard Connolly Killusty
Very Rev. G. Connolly, PP Carrick-on-Suir
Daniel Connors Nenagh
James Connors Nenagh
James Connors New Birmingham
John Connors Fethard
John Connors New Birmingham
Martin Connors Nenagh
Matthew Connors Moycarkey
Michael Connors Fethard
Philip Connors Thurles
Thomas Connors New Birmingham
Bryan Consedine Nenagh
John Conway Gortnahoe
John Cooke Borrisoleigh
Patrick Cooke New Birmingham
Samuel Cooke Brownstown
Thomas Cooke Killenaule
Thomas Cooney Thurles
John Cooney, PP Loughmore
Rev. William Cooney, PP Newport
Maurice Coonin Tipperary
Matthew Coppinger New Birmingham
Andrew Corbett Donohill
Edmond Corbett Thurles
Geroge Corbett Anacarty
James Corbett Hollyford
James Corbett Tipperary
Matthew Corbett Nenagh
Michael Corbett Doon
Patrick Corbett Borrisoleigh
Rev. George Corbett, CC Nenagh
Michael Corboy Toomevara
William Corboy Toomevara
James Corcoran Fethard
James Corcoran Thurles
Thomas Corcoran Clonoulty
Patrick Corcoran, TC Clonmel
Charles Cormack Killenaule
Edmond Cormack Gortnahoe
James Cormack New Birmingham
James Cormack Gortnahoe
James Cormack Kilcommon
John Cormack Borrisoleigh
John Cormack Fethard
John Cormack Hollyford
John Cormack Thurles
John Cormack Two-mile-Borris
Martin Cormack Kilcommon
Patrick Cormack Thurles
Patrick Cormack Toomevara
Philip Cormack Lorrah
Richard Cormack Tipperary
Thomas Cormack Anacarty
Thomas Cormack Kilcommon
Thomas Cormack Nenagh
Thomas Cormack New Birmingham
William Cormack Borrisoleigh
James Cortigan Roscrea
Francis Costello Thurles
James Costello Carrick-on-Suir
James Costello Tipperary
John Costello Tipperary
Michael Costello Nenagh
Thomas Costello Two-mile-Borris
Thomas Costello Killusty
Denis Costigan Roscrea
John Costigan Roscrea
Thomas Costigan Thurles
Jeremiah Cotter Tipperary
Martin Cotter Roscrea
James Craddick Thurles
James Craddick Moyne
John Cramp Killusty
John Crean Fethard
Thomas Creed Thurles
Richard Croake Killenaule
Michael Croft Thurles
Maurice Cronin Tipperary
Patrick Crotty Clonmel
Denis Crowe Kilcommon
John Crowe Fethard
Patrick Crowe Kilcommon
James Cuddihy Clerihan
John Cuddihy Clerihan
Patrick Cuddihy Clerihan
Brien Cullen Clerihan
William Cullen Thurles
Edward Cummin Fethard
John Cumming Killusty
George Cummins Fethard
John Cummins Thurles
Patrick Cummins Hollyford
Richard Cummins Killusty
Thomas Cummins Killusty
Thomas Cummins Two-mile-Borris
John Cunneen Nenagh
Denis Cunningham Fethard
William Cunningham Killenaule
William Curran Clonmel
Martin Cushing Two-mile-Borris
Denis Cushion Two-mile-Borris
James Cushion Two-mile-Borris
John Cushion Two-mile-Borris
Pat Cushion Two-mile-Borris
Thomas Cushion Two-mile-Borris
William Cushion Two-mile-Borris
M. D Killenaule Tipperary
Edward Dalton Gortnahoe
Jeremiah Dalton Two-mile-Borris
Nicholas D'Alton Thurles
Richard D'Alton Tipperary
William Daly Thurles
James Daniel Killenaule
John Daniel Fethard
John Daniel Roscrea
Thomas Daniel Killusty
Thomas Daniell Clonmel
Laurence Daniels Fethard
Daniel Darcy Borrisokane
Reverend David Darcy Fethard
James D'Arcy Fethard
Andrew Darmody Hollyford
Darby Darmody Hollyford
Geroge Darmody Moyne
John Darmody Holycross
John Darmody Clerihan
Owen Darmody Hollyford
Thomas Darmody Hollyford
Tobias Darmody Hollyford
Jeremiah Darmony
Andrew Davern
Jeremiah Davern Anacarty
John Davern Upperchurch
Michael Davern Thurles
William Davern Anacarty
James Davey Thurles
Edward Davy Roscrea
James Davy Roscrea
Richard Davy Killenaule
Michael Dawson Lorrah
James Day Thurles
Mathew De Vere Hunt Templederry
William Dea Fethard
William Decres Fethard
David Dee Thurles
John Deegan Thurles
Darby Delaney Lorrah
John Delaney Borrisoleigh
Mathew Delaney Borrisoleigh
Daniel Delany Nenagh
Denis Delany Thurles
Edward Delany New Birmingham
James Delany Two-mile-Borris
James Delany Moycarkey
James Delany Nenagh
John Delany Clerihan
John Delany Roscrea
Martin Delany Moycarkey
Martin Delany Roscrea
Pat Delany Roscrea
Philip Delany
William Delany Killenaule
James Dempsey Templetuohy
Michael Dempsey Two-mile-Borris
D. C. Dempster Borrisokane
Cornelius Denneby Clonmel
John Devane Killenaule
Daniel Devaney Toomevara
John Devitt Kilcommon
William Dickson Upperchurch
James Dillon Donohill
Philip Dillon Donohill
Richard Dobbyn Tipperary
John Doheny Gortnahoe
Edmond Doherty Anacarty
Edmond Doherty Donohill
James Doherty Donohill
Michael Doherty Fethard
John Dolin Upperchurch
William Donegan Fethard
Philip Donigan Fethard
Michael Donnell Killenaule
William Donnell Killenaule
James Donnelly Roscrea
John Donnelly Thurles
Martin Donnelly Thurles
Hugh Donoghue Toomevara
Martin Donoghue Borrisokane
Thomas Donoghue Templederry
David Donovan Killusty
Edmond Donovan Killusty
John Donovan Killusty
Michael Donovan Fethard
Richard Donovan Thurles
Thomas Donovan Killusty
Michael Doolan Upperchurch
William Dooley Drom
William Doolin Upperchurch
Thomas Dooly Clerihan
Thomas Doosey Thurles
Andrew Dowling Thurles
Edward Dowling Thurles
John Downey Thurles
Darby Doyle Tipperary
Stephen Doyle Tipperary
Arthur Drew Fethard
William Drew Tipperary
Joseph Duan Clonoulty
Francis Duane Borrisoleigh
John Duane Borrisokane
John Duff Borrisoleigh
John Duggan Gortnahoe
John Duggan Killusty
Martin Duggan Killusty
Michael Duggan Fethard
Michael Duggan Gortnahoe
Michael Duggan Hollyford
Michael Duggan Killusty
Philip Duggan Gortnahoe
Richard Duggan Killusty
Thomas Duggan Gortnahoe
William Duggan Gortnahoe
Cornelius Duhy Donohill
Thomas Duhy Donohill
Charles Dunlea Two-mile-Borris
Edward Dunn Nenagh
James Dunn Clerihan
James Dunn Hollyford
John Dunn Cashel
Patrick Dunn Templetuohy
Denis Dunne Moyne
James Dunne Thurles
Jeremiah Dunne Thurles
Jeremiah Dunne Tipperary
Jeremiah Dunne Upperchurch
Matthew Dunne Borrisokane
Michael Dunne Thurles
Richard Dunne Killusty
Richard Dunne Killenaule
Thomas Dunne Hollyford
Thomas Dunne Tipperary
William Dunne Gortnahoe
Edward Dunning Killenaule
Pierse Dunning Killenaule
Thomas Dunning Killenaule
Martin Dwan Roscrea
Pat Dwan Fethard
William Dwan Thurles
Patrick Dwann Clerihan
Andrew Dwyer Thurles
Anthony Dwyer Thurles
Con Dwyer Hollyford
Denis Dwyer Kilcommon
Denis Dwyer Killusty
Denis Dwyer Thurles
Dennis Dwyer Upperchurch
Edmond Dwyer Hollyford
Edmond Dwyer Clonoulty
Edmond Dwyer Thurles
Edmond Dwyer Toomevara
Edmond Dwyer Upperchurch
James Dwyer Roscrea
James Dwyer Thurles
James Dwyer Upperchurch
James Dwyer Hollyford
James Dwyer Moycarkey
James Dwyer Anacarty
James Dwyer Borrisoleigh
Jeremiah Dwyer Anacarty
Jeremiah Dwyer Borrisoleigh
John Dwyer Anacarty
John Dwyer Hollyford
John Dwyer Fethard
John Dwyer Killusty
John Dwyer Nenagh
John Dwyer Roscrea
John Dwyer Thurles
John Dwyer Toomevara
John Dwyer Two-mile-Borris
Martin Dwyer Roscrea
Martin Dwyer Hollyford
Matthew Dwyer Holycross
Matthew Dwyer Upperchurch
Matthew Dwyer Anacarty
Michael Dwyer Borrisoleigh
Michael Dwyer Toomevara
Michael Dwyer Nenagh
Michael Dwyer Roscrea
Michael Dwyer Templederry
Michael Dwyer Hollyford
Michael Dwyer Upperchurch
Morgan Dwyer Killusty
Mortimer Dwyer Moyne
Nicholas Dwyer New Birmingham
Owen Dwyer Upperchurch
Patrick Dwyer Clonoulty
Patrick Dwyer Hollyford
Patrick Dwyer Nenagh
Patrick Dwyer Toomevara
Patrick Dwyer Upperchurch
Philip Dwyer Borrisoleigh
Richard Dwyer Thurles
Thomas Dwyer Anacarty
Thomas Dwyer Carrick-on-Suir
Thomas Dwyer Donohill
Thomas Dwyer Clonoulty
Thomas Dwyer Tipperary
Thomas Dwyer Thurles
Thomas Dwyer Toomevara
Thomas Dwyer Upperchurch
Timothy Dwyer Hollyford
William Dwyer Thurles
William Dwyer Hollyford
William Dwyer Anacarty
William Dwyer Borrisoleigh
William Dwyer Clonoulty
Dan Egan Thurles
Daniel Egan Templetuohy
John Egan Two-mile-Borris
Laurence Egan Thurles
Michael Egan Killenaule
Patrick Egan Donohill
Patrick Egan Gortnahoe
Patrick Egan Killenaule
Patrick Egan Toomevara
Philip Egan Fethard
Richard Egan Killusty
Thomas Egan Killusty
William Egan Borrisoleigh
John England Tipperary
Edmond English Clerihan
James English Clerihan
Marks English Clonmel
Thomas English Anacarty
Daniel Evans Thurles
James Evans Thurles
John Eveston Thurles
Martin Eveston Loughmore

Sunday, May 11, 2008

History of Mausoleum

Freestanding partially underground mausoleum in graveyard, built c. 1910, with limestone steps leading down to vault. Rendered barrel-vaulted roof. Decoratively rendered walls to façade of burial vault. Channelled render to walls and polychromatic tiles to floor of antechamber. Decorative cast-iron gate to burial chamber. Cast-iron railings set on concrete plinths and with gate, to perimeter of site.


This mausoleum is the resting place of Daniel and William Cormack, wrongly hanged for the murder of a land agent in 1858 and originally buried in Nenagh Gaol. The render decoration of the façade of the burial chamber is exuberant and of apparent artistic quality, and the text on the plaques is a typical example of early-twentieth century post-colonial polemicism.